Past news

Archived news items from the website are listed below.

If you have a query about any old newsletters from the society, please contact the office and they can consult the Society's archives.


French Athlete.
N.B. This only an illustrative image, the athlete above is not connected with doping

Unfortunately the first speaker of the New Year, Dr Simon Kemp, is no longer able to give his talk on 6th January 2016. Hopefully Dr Kemp will be able to deliver the lecture in the next year’s Programme. Instead, Professor Charles Galasko will be giving another sport-themed lecture on ‘Doping in Sports’.

This is very topical with all the current problems with International Athletics & the accusations during this year’s Tour de France. The lecture will discuss the history of doping; the list of banned substances including anabolic steroids, stimulants & EPO; the rationale for their use, their risks & why they should be banned; the Balco scandal & its implications; the Puerto trial & its implications. Reference will be made to State control of doping. The development of UK Anti-Doping & a proposed new classification will be discussed as well as the question of prevention & whether it will ever be achieved & the role of the Therapeutic Use Exemption Committee since many of the banned agents also have an important therapeutic role in a variety of conditions.

Professor Charles Galasko is the Emeritus Professor of Orthopaedics at the University of Manchester. He has also been President of the British Orthopaedic Association; President, International Orthopaedic Research Society; Vice-President, Royal College of Surgeons; Chairman, Joint Committee for Higher Surgical Training ( UK & Ireland). His clinical practice was at Hope (now Salford Royal ) Hospital & The Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital.

He has a major interest in Sport & Exercise Medicine. He has been a Medical Officer at Olympic & Commonwealth Games as well as other International & other competitions, where his duties have included doping control. He was instrumental in the development & recognition of the new Medical Specialty of Sport & Exercise Medicine & was elected the Inaugural President of the Faculty of Sport & Exercise Medicine (UK), the governing body for the new specialty.

Photos from November's YP Lecture

10th December, 2015

You can now find pictures in the event photos section taken by Dr David Leitch of the Young Person’s lecture given by Professor David Southwood on the subject of the Huygens Probe and the Philae Minisat on 11th November 2015.

The event photos page now has some photos of Sir Tom Devine giving his thought-provoking lecture to the Lit & Phil on the topic of the Scottish Independence Referendum 2015 and its implications for the Union.

The ‘Devo Manc’ debate is underway and the city and its region are entering a new era. It comes as Manchester is once again at the forefront of global innovation, echoing the legacy left by the region’s pre-eminence in industry over 150 years ago.

The vision is not new but comes as a result of a great deal of intense hard work. All of the development in science, arts and business innovation has allowed the city to be more prepared than ever to seize upon the opportunity of limited devolution and becoming the first region to do so.

Sir Howard Bernstein has been in the forefront of this vision and there is no better way in proving this but by printing the paper he presented to the Society nearly 20 years ago on the 18th March 1996.

Please click on the image to be taken to the PDF of the full article.

Sir Howard notes the cooperation between the Lit and Phil and the City Council at the start of the address and we anticipate that with the forthcoming lecture and the ongoing development of ‘The Northern Powerhouse’ that we can once again be partners and leaders at this historic time.

Since 1781 the Manchester Literary & Philosophical Society has played a large role in the city’s cultural and intellectual scenes and has earned the honourable titles of the first and oldest Literary and Philosophical Society in the UK and the second oldest Learned Society in the World.

Not only will this lecture outline the path in which the region will progress but also your future within that path.

Please see below for a synopsis of the talk.

‘The Northern Powerhouse’  – Sir Howard Bernstein, Chief Executive Manchester City Council

The term ‘Northern Powerhouse’ may have come into common currency recently, but the underlying concept is one which our great northern cities – with Manchester very much in the vanguard – have been advocating for many years.

Put simply, it’s about recognising the need to rebalance the nation’s economy with major northern cities, both collectively and individually, being backed to unlock their potential. This means complementing, not competing with London and the South East. But it also means recognising and investing in the distinctive strengths of cities such as Manchester – whether it’s in culture or cutting edge research.

It’s no exaggeration to say that Manchester is fundamental to this vision – and that unless Manchester can realise its full potential no such rebalancing of the national economy will be possible.

This means investing in excellence, whether it’s improving transport infrastructure – for example the £15bn One North proposals to radically improve east-west transport connections between northern cities and complement HS2, supporting cultural facilities such as the £78m new Factory Manchester Arts Centre or supporting pioneering research into advanced materials such as graphene.


But also integral to the Northern Powerhouse concept is the recognition that city regions such as Greater Manchester – places with their acts together and clear strategic visions – need to be freed from stifling over-centralisation. Greater Manchester is in the forefront of the devolution agenda which recognises that instead of having ‘one size fits all’ national policies imposed centrally, we are better placed to create the conditions for growth and improving people’s lives by investing in local needs and priorities. This will enable us to use the available funding in a much smarter way.

For those who were not able to attend Simon Singh’s fascinating lecture about the inclusion of mathematics in The Simpsons and Futurama, here are a few resources Simon signposted at the end of the talk for those like equal parts fun and maths!

Numberphile The web page is covered with formulae and figures – you just click on one to see a video relating to it.

Vi Hart Vi Hart provides lots of maths-based videos that are informative and entertaining.  

Martin Gardner He composed maths puzzles for Scientific American for many years and passed away in 2010. Type his name into Google to find books and example puzzles. For example:

Simon Singh, who is speaking for the Lit & Phil in April, has been featured in the Telegraph this week after highlighting that the writers of the cartoon TV show The Simpsons had inserted a formula for working out the mass of the Higgs Boson into the show through main character Homer Simpson 14 years before it was discovered in real life! Simon Singh will be speaking more about the mathematics hidden in The Simpsons and its sister show Futuruma at 7pm on 14th April 2015 at the Manchester Conference Center.  To read the rest of the news article, click here.

Passing of Thomas Webster

16th February, 2015

We are sorry to learn of the passing of one of our members, Thomas Webster. We have been informed that he had passed away in December 2014 at the age of 96. Mr Webster had been a member of the Lit & Phil for 23 years and formerly worked in the chemical industry.

For those who may have met Mr Webster at Lit & Phil meetings and who may wish to pay tribute to his memory, the request by the family as per the newspaper obituary (here) is to donate to the Manchester branch of Age UK.

Rev. Richard Hills MBE

7th January, 2015

We are pleased to inform our members that long-serving, honorary member of the Lit & Phil, Reverend Richard Leslie Hills, was awarded an MBE in the Queen’s New Year’s Honours List for services to Industrial Heritage. Members can expect to read an extended article about Rev. Hills’s achievements in the forthcoming March newsletter.

Our congratulations and very best wishes to Rev. Hills from all at the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society.


Edward Fletcher Cass 1937-2014

23rd September, 2014

Eddie Cass

Anyone attempting to pay tribute to Eddie Cass would be daunted by the challenge of covering the whole range of his work, activities and interests. A man who had successful careers in coal mining, banking and academia he was the ultimate polymath and, as the archetypal Manchester man, ever modest – more concerned with doing than in reciting what he had done. It was easy to have known him for years but not know, for instance, that he
was one of the UK’s experts on the history of playing cards.

Eddie was born in Longsight and, apart from a few years in Birmingham, lived in Manchester all his life. He grew up in wartime east Manchester, then its most industrial part, and went to the Central High School in what is now Sheena Simon College (where years later he served as governor). His first job was as a coal miner in Bradford Colliery, where he formed an attachment to the NUM (though not always its leadership); he became friends with Jim Allen, the future playwright – they would ‘adjourn’ shifts down the pit to discuss politics.

He left mining and turned to banking, a move which his father considered as giving up a ‘proper job’, and as a bank clerk for Williams Deacons and then the RBS he studied part time at Manchester College of Commerce, in the old Mechanics Institute, a building he got to know later in a different context. Manchester in the early 60s was duffle coats, the Kardomah Cafe, frothy coffee, jazz bands and folk clubs and in that milieu he met, courted and married Sheila – the rock and mainstay of his life – and they went on to raise three sons. A successful banker, he maintained a thirst for knowledge and an insatiable curiosity for a variety of subjects which sprang from the history of his home town. It encompassed industrial archaeology, architecture, canals, food and art history. Book collecting on a major scale turned him into a bibliophile and in later life he studied part time for an MA in the Manchester Studies Department of Manchester Polytechnic (now Manchester Metropolitan University).
Though bookish, he was no dry-as-dust scholar. Eddie was the most clubbable man. To walk in with him into a city-centre restaurant was to be the focus of a shower of greetings of
‘Hello Eddie’ – from all parts of the room. He had a wonderful gift for making friends and used his powerful intellectual and organisational skills to give something back to the Manchester cultural institutions, from which he and Sheila derived so much pleasure. These included Cornerhouse, John Rylands Library, the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society, the ‘Lit and Phil’, the Portico Library, the Museum of Science and Industry, Manchester Art Gallery, Manchester University, the North West Labour History Society, and the Royal Exchange Theatre and many more, including the British Association for Friends of Museums, on which he represented the NW.
He served as Company Secretary of the National Museum of Labour History (the Pump House Museum), where he was a constant source of support. Joining a formidable board of trustees, including Jack Jones, Michael Foot, John Monks, and Graham Stringer, he rapidly gained respect and admiration for wise negotiation and for putting in place the solution of sometimes difficult problems.
Eddie took early retirement in the mid 90s and embarked on an academic career. In quick succession he finished a PhD on Lancashire Cotton Culture and curated a series of exhibitions on subjects ranging from North West Fiction to Elizabeth David, the food writer. His recent research focussed on Lancashire folk life; he lectured and published widely and broadcast on the radio. He wrote the definitive book on Lancashire Pace-Egg plays and was a research fellow on an Aberdeen University project which took him to the USA and Canada; he lectured and curated in Germany for his good friend, the late Detlef Hoffman. Eddie became active in the Folklore Society and the Society for Folk Life Studies and uniquely served as national president of both bodies. He was very recently honoured with the Coote Lake Medal of the Folk Life Society. Awarded for ‘outstanding research and scholarship’, he joins an illustrious list which includes Christina Hole, and Iona and Peter Opie.
Eddie’s priceless geniality and downright decency generated enormous love and loyalty from all those around him. We all mourn him and will all miss him immeasurably.
He is survived by his wife Sheila and sons Nick, Tim and Tony.

Nick Mansfield, Brian Rarity – September 2014

It’s Lancashire, 1939, the beginning of World War II. A factory is built to produce artificial silk, sometimes called viscose or rayon. A T Boyle’s family worked in the north’s factories for years, creating filaments for women’s tights, webbing for wounds and the insides of tyres, and vibrantly pigmented threads used in fashion.

Four years of research resulted in the novel from Pakistan to Preston, a fictional love story about teenagers Tommy O’Reilly and Sunehri Saleem set against the backdrop of real scientific processes in the making of artificial silk from wood.

Now a new exhibition, curated by A T Boyle, Colours, Community and Chemistry will be opening in October of this year at the People’s History Museum in Manchester.

It is a contemporary collaboration between regional artists and scientists featuring rare films, photos, words, research and textiles. This fascinating exhibition and accompanying events illuminates the north’s manufacturing foundations, at the same time as heralding its strong future.

For more information about the exhibition please visit the Colours, Community & Chemistry website.

There will also be an event before the launch of the exhibition where Hazel Blears, the MP for Salford and Eccles, will be showing a short film she has made especially for the exhibition about her student holiday work at Salford’s Cussons soap factory. The film screening and opportunity to meet and discuss the film with Hazel Blears will be free at the People’s History Museum on Monday 22nd September at 5.30pm.

This exhibition is linked to the forthcoming Manchester Science Festival 2014.

Dame Ollerenshaw

12th August, 2014

We’re very sad to report that Dame Kathleen Ollerenshaw passed away at a nursing home on Sunday aged 101. Dame Ollerenshaw has been an Honorary member of the Society since 1981 and will be sorely missed. There will be a memorial service at Manchester Cathedral to be arranged for a later date.

Below is an obituary for Dame Ollerenshaw written by Ray King who has very kindly given us permission to reproduce.

Dame Kathleen Ollerenshaw, one of the most illustrious Mancunians of her era and honorary member of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, has died in a city nursing home. She was 101.

 It was typical of her irrepressible spirit and determination of that she attributed pre-eminence in her beloved pursuit of mathematics to a profound handicap. In 1921, at the age of eight, a combination of a viral infection and family history left her almost completely deaf. But she resolved to overcome all odds and succeeded beyond measure – as one of the country’s most distinguished exponents of mathematics and statistics, a leading educationalist and, before World War II, an accomplished sportswoman in a number of disciplines.

 And when, challenged by an old school friend in a chance encounter in Manchester city centre – “What are you doing for your fellow men?” – she entered public life in the 1950s and commanded widespread respect in the political and academic arenas, winning early acclaim for her exposure of the shocking state of England’s school buildings and as a resolute champion of education for girls.

 Mathematics was one of four “Ms” that defined Dame Kathleen’s life with music, mountains and Manchester; there has been no prouder holder of the office of Lord Mayor or recipient of the Freedom of the City. With those honours came a clear sense of duty and responsibility, which, combined with waspish wit and an infectious sense of humour, made her an immensely popular First Citizen.

Her passion for mathematical problem solving continued into her mid-nineties despite the added handicap of worsening eyesight which, coming on top of her deafness, she regarded as a “maddening frustration – a double whammy”. Nonetheless she resolved to live life to the full, continuing to attend civic and academic ceremonies and, remarkably, being awarded a prestigious prize by the editors of Mathematics Today for an article about her pet subject, magic squares, at the age of almost 95. Famously she was one of the first to produce formula for solving Rubik’s cube from a random start with an average 80 moves – at the cost of requiring surgery for tendonitis in her thumb.

 The cube triggered her enduring fascination with magic squares and on a train journey between Manchester and Crewe she identified an error in the 22nd edition of W W Rouse Ball’s classic textbook, Mathematical Recreations and Essays, originally written around 1900.

 She was born Kathleen Mary Timpson on 1st October 1912 at 1 Parkgate Avenue, Withington, Manchester, younger daughter of Charles and Mary Timpson, members of the famous shoe dynasty. Her father was the sixth of 12 children of William Timpson who founded the company in Kettering, Northants, in 1870.

From the age of six she attended Ladybarn House School, Withington, where she acquired her knowledge and love of mathematics and first met her future husband, Robert Ollerenshaw, who was born in nearby Palatine Road. In 1926 Kathleen followed her sister Betty, four years her senior, to St Leonard’s School, St Andrews in Scotland as a boarder (she became member of the school’s governing council and president from 1972-2006) where her interest in mathematics – “the one subject in which I was at no disadvantage” – intensified as a result of her deafness.


Kathleen won an Open Scholarship to Somerville College, Oxford and, after lip-reading through her interview – she refused to learn sign language, considering it too restrictive – began her degree course in mathematics at the age of 19.

But it wasn’t all academe…She re-encountered Robert who was at Oxford studying physiology, got engaged in her first year and embraced sports with gusto. She won her hockey “Blue” against Cambridge, captained Oxford in her last two years and on leaving university, represented Lancashire, the North of England and England Reserves “until everything stopped” in 1939. Kathleen also became a skilled ice skater, becoming runner up in the “very sedate” English Style British Pairs Championship in 1939, and an accomplished skier from regular trips to the mountains of Tyrol and the Dolomites between 1933 and the eve of war. She caught a close up glimpse of Adolf Hitler as he drove by in open car on the final day of the 1936 Winter Olympics at Garmische-Partenkirchen in Austria. “If I’d had a bomb I would have thrown it,” she said later.

 She graduated from Somerville in 1933, later finding work at the Shirley Institute, the textile research establishment in Didsbury, deploying her skills in statistical forecasting on which her reputation was forged.

 After their eight-year engagement, Kathleen and Robert were married during the first week of the war and he left Manchester immediately to serve with the medical corps later being posted to North Africa and Palestine. After the war he became a leading radiologist and a pioneer of medical illustration.

Kathleen left the Shirley on the birth of their son Charles in 1941, but two years later was persuaded to return to Somerville by Kurt Mahler, a renowned mathematician who had come to Manchester from Germany in 1938. He had been impressed by her finding the answer to an unsolved problem on critical lattices, an area combining number theory and geometry, within a few days. Her return to Oxford wasn’t straightforward and, as a reserved scientist requiring to be away from home for six weeks at a time, she boarded a train for London and took her request for written permission literally to the door of the wartime Minister of Labour, Ernest Bevin, in The Strand.

 While working as a temporary wartime don she wrote five original research papers, earning her a DPhil degree, conferred in 1945. For the next seven years she raised her two children, a daughter, Florence, having been born in 1946, keeping up with her mathematical research and occasionally filling in as a part-time lecturer in mathematics at Manchester University. Then, in 1953, just four years after obtaining her first “crude but wonderful” hearing aid, came the chance meeting with fellow St Leonard’s old girl Isabel Graham-Bryce, wife of eminent thoracic surgeon Alexander Graham Bryce and the challenge to “do something for the community…”

 Kathleen found herself asked to address a meeting of the National Council of Women and her talk on the bad conditions of many of the older schools in Manchester eventually led her to a detailed statistical study of the conditions of school buildings throughout England. The success of her 1955 report in releasing government funds for school capital building programmes strengthened her belief that successfully influencing governments on social issues could only be achieved on the basis of accurately established numerical facts, not on mere opinions and protest. It also opened the doors to her involvement in a broad range of educational issues.

She was appointed a co-opted member of Manchester education committee in 1954 and two years later won Rusholme ward for the Conservative Party and remained a city councillor for 25 years. In 1960 she was invited to serve on the Central Advisory Council for Education – later known as the Newsom Committee – charged with considering the education of 11- 15 year old pupils of average and less than average ability. Three years later, as a member of a delegation from the British Association for Commercial and Industrial Education, she spent three weeks in the Soviet Union visiting technical colleges, schools, and universities.

In a keynote article for a national newspaper on her return she noted that the system of selection for Russian technical schools was far more rigorous than anything applied in the pre-comprehensive UK. As a reward for writing the piece as a Manchester councillor the city’s controlling Labour group booted her off every educational body on which she represented the town hall. Her response was typical; it was the best thing that ever happened, she insisted, having been invited back without exception in her own right. “From then on I could do or say anything I wanted,” she recalled.

 But Kathleen, privately educated like most of the Newsom Committee members, was shocked by the state of many secondary moderns in England and Wales with their “abysmally low standards” and inadequate teaching. She confessed that the lack of mathematics had “frightened” her and though she was an admirer of Manchester’s nine state grammar schools and technical schools and supporter of direct grant schools, she accepted that the introduction of a comprehensive system with no selection by ability was inevitable.

Despite her misgivings about the comprehensive plan for Manchester – cobbled together at the third attempt – it fell to her to oversee its implementation, having become education committee chairman in 1967 following the Conservatives’ taking control of the city that year. She resisted strident demands from within her own party to reverse the plan on the grounds that it would be irresponsible; new appointments had been made and pupils allocated their places. She opted instead for that she saw as “damage limitation” and a commitment to making the scheme work, but almost overnight many of the best teachers from the doomed grammars quit, damaging the new regime from the outset.

 The Tories lost control of the council in 1971, a year after Kathleen was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to education, and she became Lord Mayor of Manchester in 1975. In 1984 she was made a Freeman of the City of Manchester, an accolade she cherished above all her many others – including five honorary doctorates and a plethora of prestigious appointments.

An Honorary Fellow of Somerville, she succeeded Prince Philip, a long-time friend, as president of the Institute of Mathematics and its Application and toured 23 universities with her lecture. As a keen amateur astronomer – a pursuit she took up in 1990 at the age of 78 -and a friend of Sir Bernard Lovell and Sir Patrick Moore, she gave her name to the observatory at Lancaster University, where she was former Deputy Pro-Chancellor. Dame Kathleen also served in senior positions at Manchester and Salford Universities and Manchester Polytechnic, later Manchester Metropolitan University and she was invited to become president of the Manchester Statistical Society when it celebrated its 150th anniversary in 1983.

Despite her deafness, music was a passion throughout her life. She never missed a Hallé concert for 20 years, attending during the 1930s and 1940s with her widowed father-in-law, the eminent orthopaedic surgeon whom she called Father Bob, watching the musicians closely and following the musical scores and phrasing printed out in the programmes. Her own huge contribution was being prime mover in the establishment of the Royal Northern College of Music.

Dame Kathleen outlived her husband, High Sheriff of Greater Manchester in 1978-9, who died in 1986, and, tragically, both their children. Florence died in 1972 aged just 26 and Charles in 1999. Save for her school and university days, she lived all her life in south Manchester, moving round the corner to Pine Road from Elm Road in 1952, continuing into her late 90s and celebrating her 100th birthday with friends at a party in her garden, her undiminished desire to continue solving mathematical problems.

 A memorial service to celebrate her life will be held at Manchester Cathedral at a later date.

The Salford Lectures

10th April, 2014

Some information on a lecture that I think may be of some interest to you all!

The Salford Lectures: Walking into New Vocabularies

“A very special event has been created to mark the conclusion of this year’s thought provoking and diverse Salford Lectures series. The University of Salford is pleased to welcome two accomplished and renowned individuals from the worlds of art and literature. Sokari Douglas Camp, sculptor, and Jackie Kay, writer and poet, bring their creations to walk and talk together with us in an evening of conversation, led by Brenda Cooper, Honorary Research Associate, University of Manchester. Multiple worlds and media mingle and meld within their chosen languages of expression and their cultural contexts, which are Nigerian, Scottish and English. In the process they forge new vocabularies.”

Thursday 22 May 2014 6.00pm – 8.00pm

Venue: Chapman Building, University of Salford


For more information and to register for the event, please visit the official events page on the University of Salford website here.

WWI Centenary Resource

27th March, 2014

As there will be a lecture on the topic of WW1 in June, Members may be interested in this internet resource. It is a website collection letters sent over the course of WW1 and includes resources from Australia, Canada, the USA and New Zealand as well as Britain. 

War Letters 1914-1918

Manchester's Book Festival

4th March, 2014

The Manchester Children’s Book Festival is an eleven day festival celebrating children’s books through a series of events and activities aimed at children and their families.

The festival extends across Manchester, with cultural and arts organisations joining in the fun. It also extends internationally, through blogs, social media and international events.

For more information and for the full programme of events, please visit their website:

The Royal Institution, together with the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Lit & Phil, the University of Manchester and presenter Dr Peter Wothers of the University of Cambridge, present “The Modern Alchemist” touring lecture show.

“When medieval alchemists staged spectacular stunts in front of royalty they never revealed the secrets of their mystical potions and fire-breathing creations.

Today, chemists can perform equally impressive feats but they do so to explain and explore the extreme frontiers of our material world.”

The lecture is suitable for all ages and promises to be full of demonstrations! It’ll run from 6 to 7pm on the 17th June 2014, tickets are at £5 for adults and £2.50 for anyone under the age of 16 (and there is a 50% discount for Lit and Phil members if you enter RSCRI at the checkout!)


Singing Competition at RNCM

12th December, 2013

Michael Kennedy CBE (of our Wagner & Verdi lecture) along with his wife, Dr Joyce Kennedy, run a charity that promotes the music of Richard Strauss. The charity is a sponsor and promoter of the singing of the songs and arias of Richard Strauss at an annual competition at the RNCM.  The next competition is on the evening of 5 March 2014 and chairman of the panel will be the esteemed soprano Dame Josephine Barstow.  If any members wish to attend they would be in for an interesting and rewarding evening!  Tickets are already on sale at the College box office.


Links updated May 2016

One of our recent lecturers, Professor Edith Hall, has recently guest curated on a project on the National Theatre’s productions of the Greek Classics from 1964 – 2012. The online exhibition uses material taken from the National’s archives and includes a variety of text, pictures and video interviews with Professor Oliver Taplin in addition to Edith Hall’s contributions. I thought it was very entertaining and informative and I highly recommend it!

Greek Drama Exhibition

We've been fortunate that the first half of November has contained two very engaging lectures and lecturers. First we had Professor Edith Hall, professor of cultural history and classics at King's College London and her lecture 'Is the Study of Greek and Roman Classics Elitist?'. Professor Hall maintains an active website including contact information and information about upcoming appearances that you may be interested in checking out. For more information, please visit her website here.

Secondly, Professor Tim Wright held the first Young People's lecture of the session to huge success! He is a Professor of Satellite Geodesy at Leeds University and is passionate about his research. He sporadically updates his strangely addictive blog, which can be found here. He is also very approachable on Twitter so can wish to contact him if you have any questions.

Many thanks again to both lecturers for visiting Manchester and agreeing to participate in our lectures. We hope to see you again soon!

Dalton-related Items Donated

1st October, 2013

Some items, supposedly belonging to John Dalton himself, have been kindly sent to us all the way from New Zealand. Below are some photos of a selection of the collection. Enjoy!

Update: MoSI have confirmed that it is unlikely these items were John Dalton’s but belonged to other members of the family.